Weathervanes, whirligigs and trade signs are as varied as the subject matter they represent. One hundred plus year old heart pine salvaged from out buildings and barns built during the 19th century from the upstate New York area are used in creating my work. I also incorporate antique copper, tin and iron into my work. I use chisels, draw knives, handsaws and carving knives to handcraft my pieces. Buttermilk paint, which was widely used in early America after 1800, is the most accurate historical choice for completing my objects. The rural folk artist would craft paint from various milk derivatives and a combination of earthen ingredients resulting in paint adaptable to use on their handcrafted weathervanes, whirligigs and trade signs. In my painting style, I try to reproduce an as-found original interpretation of the object by applying the buttermilk paint in numerous layers and then using techniques to age the finish and cause discoloration.